There are mainly three steps used to manage Health & Safety at work
- Spot the Hazard – Hazard Identification
- Assess the Risk – Risk Assessment
- Make the Changes – Risk Control
Let’s understand each & every step in detail to maintain Health & Safety at work and also prevent accidents
Spot the Process Hazard
A Hazard is anything that could hurt you or someone else. Some of the examples include
- Frayed Electrical Cords which could result into electrical shock
- Boxes Stacked Precariously which could fall on someone
- Noisy Machinery which could result in damage to a person’s hearing
During the work experience a person must remain alert to anything to anything that may be dangerous. If you see, hear or smell anything odd just take note. If you think it could be a hazard, all you need to do is tell someone.
Assess the Risk
Assessing the risk means working out how likely it is that a hazard could harm someone & how serious the harm could be.
Whenever you spot a hazard, assess the risk by asking yourself the two questions
- How likely a hazard could harm me or someone else?
- How badly could we or someone else be harmed?
Always tell someone (your employer, your supervisor or your health and safety representative) about hazards you can’t fix yourself, especially if the hazard could cause serious harm to anyone.
Make the Changes
It is your employer’s responsibility to fix the hazards. Sometimes you may be able to fix simple hazards for yourself, as long as you don’t put yourself or others at risk. The best way to fix hazards is to get rid of it altogether. This is not always possible, but your employer should try to make hazards less dangerous by looking at the following options.
- Instruction of workers in the safest way to do something
- Using personal protective equipment & clothing
Sometimes, it will require more than one of the risk control measures above to effectively reduce exposure to hazards.