Clinical research is a challenge for health professionals. Structures clinical trials must be critical showing validity in results and thereby contributing to problem solving and driving the clinical judgment & practice.
The first step in executing a good clinical trial is to decide on the research question. In other words, what is the main hypothesis of the investigation? We need to select and understand the best study design & answer the question. The next step is to define outcome measurement to validate the findings. Well this defines the outcome of the success and failures of the hypothesis. If this is not adequately chosen, it creates difficulties to compare treatment results from different trials. Subsequently it can lead to tricky understand whether the new treatment offer a valid clinical benefit for patients. Also, if the sample size is not enough to show statistical difference, the trial may fail due type II error (false negative). In our research area, specially related to psychological, neuropsychological and rehabilitation, a heterogeneous approach on how to perform a clinical trial has been observed as a trend.
Clinical psychology is an integration of science, theory, and clinical knowledge for the purpose of understanding, preventing, and relieving psychologically-based distress or dysfunction and to promote subjective well-being and personal development. Central to its practice are psychological assessment, clinical formulation, and psychotherapy, although clinical psychologists also engage in research, teaching, consultation, forensic testimony, and program development and administration.
Clinical psychologists engage in a wide range of activities. Some focus solely on research into the assessment, treatment, or cause of mental illness and related conditions. Some teach, whether in a medical school or hospital setting, or in an academic department at an institution of higher education. The majority of clinical psychologists engage in some form of clinical practice, with professional services including psychological assessment, provision of psychotherapy, development and administration of clinical programs, and forensics.
Trainings & Certifications to practice Clinical Trial Regulation
Clinical psychologists study a generalist program in psychology plus postgraduate training and/or clinical placement and supervision. The length of training differs across the world, ranging from four years plus post-Bachelors supervised practice to a doctorate of three to six years which combines clinical placement.
Assessments Clinical Trial
An important area of assessment for many clinical psychologists is Psychological assessment and it’s a proven figure that upto 91% of psychologists, engage in this core clinical practice. Such evaluation is done to gain insight & form hypothesis about psychological or behavior problems. Some widely used measurement domains are:
- Intelligence & Achievement Tests
- Personality Tests
- Neuropsychological Tests
- Clinical Observation
School of thoughts for clinical psychologists
Many clinical psychologists are integrative or eclectic and draw from evidence based on different models of therapy in an integrative way rather than using single specific model. The four major school of practice are
- Behavioral & Cognitive Behavioral
- Systems or Family Therapy